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Art Deco interior design – Style & Luxury
Hackrea Team -

Art Deco interior design – Style & Luxury

Hackrea Team / August 4, 2020 - views 2,428 - 0 likes

What is art deco style?

The Art Deco style (from the French art déco, literally “decorative art”) is an influential trend in the interior, architecture and decorative art, which first appeared in France in the 1920s and reached its peak throughout the world in 1930 —1940s. The term Art Deco was given life by an exhibition held in Paris in 1925 under the title Exposition Internationale des Art Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes (International Exhibition of Contemporary Decorative and Industrial Arts). Although the art deco style itself existed before the exhibition – from the beginning of the 20s. The decorative power, glamour and gloss of the Gatsby era helped people forget about the horrors of war, escape from problems and plunge into the holiday, remembering elegant luxury and high style. Prior to this, the new style was called “jazz modern”, “zigzag modern”, “streamlined modern”. The standard of art deco in the 1920s was the interiors of first-class hotels, expensive restaurants and other respectable public places.

Laws and features of the art deco style from interior designers 

Law 1. 

The main features of the interior in the art deco style can be described as follows. Strict interior geometry. Straight and zigzag lines, stripes, ornaments based on simple geometric shapes (triangles, squares, rhombs, rings and circles) folding into rhythmic and bold interior compositions. Bright, vibrant, contrasting colors. The coloristic decision of the interiors is based on a combination of black and white, black and gold, wenge and burgundy, and also beige. Expensive materials and glossy surfaces. Art Deco is, first of all, a decorative style! Luxurious art deco finishes include polished granite and marble, black lacquer and mother of pearl, glass, chrome and gilded metal, precious woods, ivory and genuine leather. The interior must certainly have rare and exotic inserts, such as crocodile or lizard leather. 

Law 2. 

The creation of a sense of material well-being and the revival of the former luxury of the interior in the Art Deco style is based on the achievements of technological progress. At the time of the appearance of the style, its formation was influenced by the rapidly developing industrial design in those years. The result of scientific and technological progress was the active use of metal, durable glass and jewelry inserts, as well as the rejection of plant forms typical of Art Nouveau. 

Law 3. 

Ethnic motifs are present in art deco style. The decor is actively used African figurines, masks and drums, Chinese vases, lacquer boxes and silk, Japanese partitions, the floor is decorated with oriental handmade rugs and exotic animals leather.

Law 4.

Archeological discoveries of the beginning of the XX century were reflected in the art deco style. As a result, reinterpreted and geometrically simplified elements of the decorative art of Assyria, Babylon, Ancient Egypt and Rome, Aztec and Inca ornaments appeared in the interiors. The interior design of the Roman hotel Baglioni Hotel Regina, where F. Fellini was filming the legendary film “La Dolce Vita”, which was built  in the art deco style. The interior combined external luxury with the rationality of the traditions of Rome, Egypt, Greece, China, Japan. Here, luxury is not only expensive materials, but also visual wealth, expressed in bright and saturated colors.

Art Deco style in the interior of the house and apartment

  • Avoid too direct and rational forms. Art Deco, as well as the modern style as a whole, is characterized by complex transitions from floor to wall, the presence of several levels in the same room, intricately shaped window bindings. Spiral staircases – the most romantic, spectacular element in the interior, they significantly save space. The optimal width of the steps is 20 cm in the narrow part, 35 – 40 cm in the wide, the minimum length is 80 cm. The material for their manufacture can be pine, oak or beech.
  • More rigor in everything: instead of smoothness – sharpness, instead of floral patterns – geometric and abstract. Forms without which the decoration of the house and apartment in this interior style is complete: cube, sphere, circle and square. You can use pieces of furniture and decor in the form of these forms!
  • A graphic monochrome combination of black and white is a key feature of the art deco style. The interior designer is required to maintain a balance of white and black colors, or to think through other color variations – white and chocolate, brown and beige, silver gray and black. A classic example of flooring is a marble black and white checkerboard.

Materials and surface finishes

The materials used are mostly modern, expensive:

  • ivory, rhino horn, head of deer;
  • rare types of wood – mahogany, rosewood, sequoia, bog oak;
  • reptile leather – snake, crocodile;
  • various metals – aluminum, brass, steel, silver;
  • natural, rarely artificial stone – granite, marble, onyx, travertine, labradorite, slate;
  • ceramics, expensive wallpaper;
  • drywall, ceiling tiles;
  • clear, frosted, colored glass.

The ceiling is whitened, made of drywall, including multi-level, decorated with gypsum, polyurethane stucco molding. Plastic ceiling sockets, skirting boards, corner elements, moldings and half columns on the walls can be gilded or bronzed. The walls themselves are decorated with decorative plasters, silk wallpaper with geometric patterns or heraldic ornaments, African patterns, oriental hieroglyphs.

The floor is usually made of parquet, combining several types of wood, from which complex patterns are laid out – with central symmetry throughout the room or small, repeating ones. Less often, floors are decorated with stone, as it is very cold, and the mirror design is suitable for both the floor and the ceiling, walls, and any furniture. Interior doors are preferably double-leafed wooden, paneled or having an insert of patterned glass, stained-glass windows depicting fantastic plots of ancient myths.

Used colors palette

The following color combinations are often used:

  • gold with black;
  • white with golden brown;
  • white-green with violet-black;
  • chocolate with ivory color;
  • beige with noble purple;
  • purple with emerald;
  • antique azure with terracotta;
  • bistre with pale yellow;
  • sand with bronze;
  • gold with wine red;
  • chestnut with quartz gray.

The base is almost always used golden, brown, beige shades, complemented by accessories, bright interspersed with red, blue, green, purple.

Lighting

The right light in the art deco interiors is not the last thing, creating coziness, giving the atmosphere even more solemnity. These are huge multi-path chandeliers of crystal, glass that gently scatters light. The smaller the room, the more lamps and fixtures should be used. This is especially true for the “northern” rooms with small windows or those where the windows are completely absent – dressing room, bathroom, hallway, corridor.

The walls are illuminated with the help of sconces, sometimes having overly elaborate shapes, floor lamps with large shades on an ornate carved wooden leg or with a base in the form of an ancient Greek statue. The illumination of the floor for this interior is unacceptable in any form – the light falls strictly from above, maximum at the side, but not less than from a height of one third of the distance from the floor to the ceiling.

Will fit well the most, large, luxurious chandeliers – with a large number of horns, complex geometry, gilding, in the form of a huge painted ball, etc. Miniature spotlights are allowed only in those rooms where, due to the small area, a full-fledged chandelier does not fit in any way.

Warm light is preferable – with the help of it the shapes of various decorative elements are more advantageously emphasized. The abundance of mirrors also visually “multiplies” the amount of lighting.

Furniture

All furniture has smooth lines, rounded corners. Of the materials, in the vast majority of cases, an array of natural wood of valuable species is used, but sometimes fiberboard veneered with veneer made from expensive wood is also allowed.

The main types of wood used for furniture for Art Deco interiors:

  • rosewood;
  • nut;
  • oak;
  • pink tree;
  • maple;
  • ash;
  • palm tree

Chrome, forged, inlaid, carved parts are also often used. In some pieces of furniture, glass is used, including frosted, colored stained glass, ivory.

For the design of upholstered furniture, various types of leather are used:

  • Traditional: veal, sheep, goat, deer
  • Exotic: snake, crocodile, shark, elephant, zebras, lizards

Many types of upholstery fabrics are used:

  • jacquard;
  • tapestry;
  • velvet;
  • artificial leather;

A lot of upholstered furniture is used for the art deco style – narrow sofas, couches, high beds, huge sofas, armchairs, soft chairs, pouffes are present in all rooms. Often furniture is custom-made, in single copies or in limited series. All furniture is made in one color, but individual elements in a different color scheme are allowed to create several bright accents.

It is not necessary to give preference to overly massive pieces of furniture, if they are necessary, they should have separate elegant elements or decor – openwork carving, painting, inlay.

Textile design

An abundance of diverse textiles is usually present in the stylistic design of Art Deco. The fabrics are selected plain, with zigzag, geometric patterns, colored stripes or cells, “zebra”, “leopard”, “snake” prints are also suitable. Damask ornament, “crow’s feet”, meanders are also popular.

The most commonly used fabrics are:

  • velvet;
  • cashmere;
  • tapestry;
  • coarse woolen fabrics;
  • silk.

The interior has luxurious carpets, heavy curtains, tapestry bedspreads, canva paintings, pillows embroidered with gold patterns, canopies with floral ornaments, framing a bed or dressing table. Soft rugs are made bilateral, from wool or faux fur.

Draperies on the walls also take place, being present at the head of the beds or in the form of movable elements sharing a large space or studio apartment. Wardrobe trunks of various sizes are present in the interiors of almost all rooms, can be made plain or variegated. Dense printed patterned curtains are complemented by sheer curtains. The edges of the carpets complement the stripes of meanders or Chinese characters.

Accessories

Decorative design is very diverse, most often in abundance there are such items and details:

  • figurines, animal figures;
  • luxurious fans, candles;
  • mirrors;
  • forged lattices, including zoning space;
  • carved paintings – the larger the better;
  • decorative ceramic, glassware;
  • expensive souvenir bottles of alcohol;
  • pearls, natural bone, tortoise shell;
  • dry bouquets, floral panels.

Of the paintings in the descriptions of famous interiors, there are works by Klimt, Gogh and many others.

Of the artistic motifs of sculptures, paintings are present:

  • geometric shapes – circles, squares, zigzags, polygons, ovals, black and white piano keys, steps;
  • Eastern motifs – ziggurats, pyramids, sphinxes, frescoes;
  • vegetable, animal ornaments and forms – sakura branches, bonsai tree, leaves of exotic trees, fantastic animals, mythological characters;
  • anthropomorphic plots – Arabians, Indians, graceful figures of women.

In a too cramped room, do not place too much decor, just focus on a few contrasting elements – the room will look cluttered.

Pictures and panels

The real embodiment of sophistication and the personification of elitism are mirror and mosaic panels. Such a spectacular and exclusive decor can be either strict and concise, or openwork and chic.

Pictures in the style of art deco attract general attention. The use of reproductions, landscapes, abstract and genre paintings is appropriate in design.

Mirror

In the interior there are the most diverse in size mirrors that are mounted on the wall or mounted on the floor. The most relevant option is a mirror in the shape of the sun or a Venetian and openwork canvas.

Room Interiors

This style is not widespread, but it is widely known everywhere. Any hints of asceticism, minimalism of the interior are alien to him.

Here are used in abundance:

  • carpets, curtains, all kinds of draperies;
  • decorative fountains, podiums, arches;
  • reproductions of paintings in the style of cubism, famous American graphics;
  • sculptures from ebony, ceramics;
  • floor vases, palm trees in pots.

In the Art Deco style, it is easy to combine objects that are difficult to fit into the framework of one style. There are always many elements here, and the overall picture does not have to be conceptual.

It is unlikely to be able to completely recreate the interior of the “palace” of the last century in a small-sized apartment, but the use of individual elements and style attributes will make it possible to make at least a miniature similarity.

Bedroom

The bed looks good, tall, as if a “chest” on the sides of the chest of drawers with curly handles on the facades of drawers. The illumination on both sides of the bed above the bedside tables is carried out using a sophisticated form of sconces, with shades in the form of flowers that gently scatter light. Intricate interweaving of patterns on the wallpaper will enliven the room, and a decorative or electric fireplace will create a feeling of warmth, coziness.

The bedroom looks perfect, where one or two, maximum three groups of objects have the same pattern – the carpet is combined with curtains, ceiling tiles with wallpaper, pillows on the bed with upholstery and patterns on the floor. A double bed with a patterned canopy and a view, in harmony with a sophisticated desk, dressing table, above which there is a round mirror, decorated with a frame in the form of the sun. The dressing area is separated by a patterned screen.

If the wall opposite the head of the bed is decorated with an intricate labyrinth, which is often an attribute of the Art Deco style, then it will be nice to consider it, in order to meditate before bedtime.

Living room

A huge leather sofa with a dome-shaped back will become the compositional center of the Art Deco interior. The medium-sized interior will be complemented by a dresser made of rosewood or palm tree, covered with a thick layer of varnish, a low “eastern” table, chairs or ottomans decorated with zebra or leopard prints. The middle of the ceiling will be decorated with a large crystal chandelier, and the corners – floor lamps or sconces, made in the same luxurious style. On the floor in the center of the room there will be a Japanese-style bamboo mat interwoven with gold threads or a fluffy carpet with folk ornaments.

A marble support, playing the role of a stand for a flat TV, would also be appropriate. In the most spacious rooms with high ceilings, good acoustics, a piano is placed on the podium.

The living room space may well look like an exhibition hall, where a lot of various objects are examined for hours, each time finding all new details.

Children’s room

The furniture in the children’s room, like other Art Deco rooms, does not have sharp corners. A warm, soft woolen rug allows children to play on the floor for long winter evenings. Do not overload this room with an abundance of fragile decor, especially if the children are small – safety is above all. Stucco molding on the ceiling, a high lamp from unbreakable glass, a canopy above the bed, a lot of wardrobe trunks for storing toys, a couple of pictures in carved frames – this is enough to clearly indicate the style.

It is easy to arrange a room with your own hands, along with the child, painting through stencil colored damask monograms, geometric shapes on the walls, lampshades, window frames. The rising sun is often depicted above the headboard, in harmony with the same embroidery on the backs of soft chairs or sofa cushions.

The following shades are preferred here:

  • pink, blue;
  • gold, silver;
  • violet, beige;
  • light yellow, spring greens;
  • linen, bluish gray.

Kitchen

Light marble walls are often present in kitchens made in this style. It looks most beautiful when the room has an insulated balcony, a spacious loggia or bay window – then part of the window panes is decorated with colored stained-glass windows, which allows even the most “pale” interior to sparkle with new colors.

The floor from ceramic tiles to the black and white “checkerboard” will be very appropriate here. Curved countertops of work surfaces, a rounded bar counter with suitable type of chairs will fit perfectly into the overall style of Art Deco. The facades of the kitchen cabinet are necessarily glossy, the doors have engraved glass or colored stained-glass windows; all household kitchen appliances are preferably built-in. The dining table has a luxurious tablecloth, and the chairs around it are adequately upholstered.

An island set is quite suitable for a spacious kitchen, and soft sofas and all kinds of decor will take a place along the walls.

Hallway

The walls of the long corridor are decorated with lamps stylized as oil lamps or candles, located on both sides, on the floor they lay a carpet path, as in a real palace. Plastic stucco along the ceiling also does not hurt.

A large mirror in a wooden or forged frame with gilding, from the threshold emphasizes the high cost of the interior. The graphics here will come in handy: wallpaper with damask ornaments, floor tiles or ottomans with the same pattern. In a square hallway they hang a chandelier that resembles an inverted dome in shape.

For a narrow corridor or cramped hall, the brightest wall decoration is selected with a minimum of contrasts.

Bathroom

The walls, decorated with frescoes a la Egypt, will give this room uniqueness, creating interesting accents. The same motifs are duplicated on towels, a curtain over the bathroom. Stone cladding, coupled with spotlights, will add even more solidity to the interior. Monochrome porcelain tile on the floor of a shared or separate bathroom, especially contrasting with the color of the walls, gives a hint of the Renaissance, and the abundance of mirrors will make the room bright and spacious. The golden mosaic, which represents individual areas of the room, also looks great.

If the floor is made entirely of stone, it is advisable to equip it with special heating, otherwise bare feet will be cold to step on it even if there is a carpet.

Conclusion

Art Deco, embodying luxury and glamor, will appeal to fans of classic, baroque interiors, and avid lovers of loft, high-tech or industrial styles. This style is chic and, at the same time, bold, luxurious, maximalist. Art Deco is more suitable for a large, spacious house, but the decoration of even a small apartment in this style also looks great. It is sometimes problematic to arrange the entire interior in the framework of Art Deco or Art Nouveau on their own, so many turn to professional interior designers for help.